E. Excess Organic Matter Fertilizers and other nutrients used to promote plant growth on farms and in gardens may find their way into water. At first, these nutrients encourage the growth of plants and algae in water. However, when the plant matter and algae die and settle underwater, microorganisms decompose them. In the process of decomposition, these microorganisms consume oxygen that is dissolved in the water. Oxygen levels in the water may drop to such dangerously low levels that oxygen-dependent animals in the water, such as fish, die. This process of depleting oxygen to deadly levels is called eutrophication http://euronature.host.sk/nature/water.html
British Scientists comment that the flora and fauna... grass and algae ... are returning to the beaches as of 1999...
and that 'worms' are there, on the rocky beaches, too... an indication that aeration of the soils (ROCKS?) is occurring.
(Such oxidation is necessary to get the last of the oil from down in the soils.)
Since 2-butoxyethanol (toxic ingredient of Inipol EAP 22) itself had a high demand for oxygen...
how does this all fit together?
Can a scientist give some insights here?
From a Local Valdez, Alaska Resident:
"There were lots of meetings at the Civic Center in the beginning months after the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. A big controversy raged over use of inipol and dispersants... how safe they would be for workers? Then the meetings died out."
"I worked with the animal clean up unit. You would find animals that looked perfectly fine on the outside. (We did neopsies). Open them up and you couldn't even distinguish which organs were which...they were all a 'melted together mess." When the lab* report comes back they would say the animal died from stress from over handling - imagine that!" * U. CAL-Davis/LAB
"I also worked with the testing of salmon eggs from affected streams vs. non affected streams. Exxon had the contract for that. I don't know what the final report turned out to be. To avoid loosing objectivity we weren't told which was which. However, in some trays of fish eggs, every egg was dead. Some developed into two headed fish." Thankfully, the salmon that return to the Valdez Fish Hatchery are all from unaffected streams. On Oct 21 9pm on TV KAKM-PBS station (channel 7-Valdez schedule) there was a program on the declining salmon fishing industry in northern waters. It dealt a lot with fish farming... but unless you have fresh input of water... as is not the case in some places in the world... you have fish polluted with their own excrement. US Senator for Alaska, Ted Stevens, states they are working toward source of fish being printed on labels. Nothing as as good as Alaska 'wild' salmon!
1993 Herring Run, etc
That year the herring run was hemorrhaging through their scales and they couldn't even swim straight. Don't suppose the scientists realized what Inipol EAP 22 could do back then. This had all the signs of their being blood damage, skin damage, central nervous system damage that the 2-butoxyethanol in Inipol EAP 22 caused. Could there be pockets of chemicals still in the deep waters that these fish ran into? * * If no one checked out that possibility; the scientists may have overlooked the real cause for a more complex, contrived answer. Scientists concluded there was no connection to the oil spill, etc and this event.
In Oct/Nov, 2002 on a show such as 'Talk of the Nation' someone also commented that these herring had no bladders... they were disintegrated... non existent. Sounds like the chemical damage.
SOUND'S HERRING FISHERY ON HOLD;
BIOLOGISTS UNSURE OF OIL DAMAGE
Talk to a fisherman today, and they will tell you that the herring have never fully returned to the Prince William Sound.
Alaska's Steller Sea Lions
* It is well-established
that microbial activity drops significantly from 30 degrees C to 10 degrees C
At temperatures of 4 degrees C
most microbial activity ceases
This would also hold true for degrading...
Any components that would normally biodegrade, would not do so at colder temperatures.
"72 miles of beach were sprayed with 230 tons of surfactant *
(Inipol EAP 22)
(Notice that they say surfactant... not fertilizer)
and 40 tons of granular nitrogen-phosphate fertilizer"
Bayer School of Natural & Environmental Research and Education
NIOSH wanted to do more to help workers, but...
"They couldn't get Exxon to release its clinical data,
and Exxon controlled access to workers at remote locations." *
- Anchorage Daily News, May 13, 1999
Workers have stated that there were spills of Inipol EAP 22 on boats & at the unloading dock
... thus enlarging the circle of those exposed
One worker's pictures and daily log evidence of stitching disintegrating
in the chemical 'back packs' and in the protective gear the bioremediation workers wore.....
that Exxon had the judge "seal these from the public" fall, 2002;
however, the worker was not given, in exchange,
the results of his blood testing the company did in 1989 as ordered by the court during these same proceedings ...
The Anchorage Daily News reports soon after the oil spill cleanup that the medical evidence - @ 188 pages - were sealed by a judge at Exxon's petition.
One video news presentation shared that Exxon had all workers sign a paper saying they would not talk to the press.
One woman worker - general oil clean up - indicated that if any workers were to talk to a reporter,
the company had threatened to immediately fire them and helicopter OFF the job site.
COREXIT? What happened here? *
Do you know?
Relevant Quotes, Anchorage Daily News *
The Telling Tale
In 1990 there was a spill of Inipol EAP 22 in a storage area of Exxon/Veco's.
For the cleanup they treated it as a hazardous substance.
More gear for sure than people had in 1989 & 1990 working on the beaches.
Website Table of Contents
to abbreviated web contents - Exxon Valdez Oil Spill - workers